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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands labor contract MSS.0230

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

February 2008

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-11-27T19:53-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

November 2012
Collection Title:

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands labor contract

Unit ID:

MSS.0230

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.05 Linear feet (1 item , 4 leaves; photocopy)

Dates:

1865 June 16

Abstract:

Labor contract dated 16 June 1865 with estate of Greene Underwood of Dallas Co., Alabama, binding former slaves to plantation in return for food, clothing and medical care

creator

United States. Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Lands .

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a labor contract dated 16 June 1865, with estate of Greene Underwood of Dallas County, Alabama, binding former slaves to work the plantation in return for food, clothing and medical care.

Preferred Citation:

Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands labor contract, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Acquisition Information:

unknown

Biographical/Historical note

The Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, and Abandoned Lands, usually referred to as simply the Freedmen's Bureau, was a U.S. federal government agency that aided distressed freedmen (freed slaves) in 1865–1869, during the Reconstruction era of the United States. The Freedmen's Bureau Bill, which created the Freedmen's Bureau, was initiated by President Abraham Lincoln and was intended to last for one year after the end of the Civil War. It was passed on March 3, 1865, by Congress to aid former slaves through legal food and housing, oversight, education, health care, and employment contracts with private landowners. It became a key agency during Reconstruction, assisting freed ex-slaves in the South. The Bureau was part of the United States Department of War. Headed by Union Army General Oliver O. Howard, the Bureau was operational from 1865 to 1871. It was disbanded under President Ulysses S. Grant.

Access Restrictions:

None

Usage Restrictions:

None

Processing Information:

Processed by

unknown, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2012

Source(s)

Underwood, Green (local)

African Americans (localbroad)

Alabama (localbroad)

Alabama--History--1819-1950 (lcsh)

Business and Labor (localbroad)

Dallas County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Freedmen--Southern States--Economic conditions (lcsh)

Government, Law and Politics (localbroad)

Legal documents (aat)

Organizations (localbroad)

Plantation life (lcsh)

Bureau Box 195