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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the John H. Caldwell papers MSS.0258


University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266

February 2008


This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2012-12-04T18:54-0600

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December 2012
Collection Title:

John H. Caldwell papers

Unit ID:



University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama


0.4 Linear feet




Business correspondence, legal papers, and reports of land agent for state of Alabama. Does not cover his entire term, 1879-1902.


Caldwell, John Henry, 1826-1902

Scope and Contents note

This collection deals only with the latter period of Caldwell's employment as land agent for the state of Alabama, and consists primarily of correspondence, legal papers, reports, and maps. Most of the materials deal with his efforts to obtain school indemnity lands for the state and his own efforts to collect his fees. There is some material dealing with his earlier successes in claiming swamp and overflowed lands for the state from the federal government, as well as recovering a percentage of revenue gained by the federal government through sale of public lands in the state.

Acquisition Information:


Biographical/Historical note

John H. Caldwell was born in Huntsville, Alabama, on 4 April 1826. He attended Bacon College, in Harrodsburg, Kentucky, and began teaching school at the age of 17. In 1848 he moved to Jacksonville, Alabama, where for four years he was in charge of the Jacksonville Female Academy, and then the Male School at Jacksonville for a further four years. In 1851-1852, he edited the Jacksonville Republican, and later the Sunny South (1855-1857), when he was elected to the state legislature.

In 1859 he was admitted to the bar and was elected Solicitor of the 10th Judicial Circuit. He was reelected in 1863, but was removed by Governor Parsons in 1865. He was then re-elected to the legislature, but was removed by the military government in 1867. From 1873 to 1877 he served in the House of Representatives. In 1879 he became land agent for the state of Alabama. He died in Jacksonville on 4 September 1902.

Preferred Citation:

John H. Caldwell papers, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Processing Information:

Processed by

unknown, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2012

Usage Restrictions:


Access Restrictions:



Alabama (localbroad)

Alabama--Politics and government (lcsh)

Architecture and Landscape (localbroad)

Correspondence (aat)

Government, Law and Politics (localbroad)

Legal documents (aat)

Maps (aat)

Reports (aat)

John H. Caldwell Box 111

Outgoing correspondence Box 111 Folder 1-2

Incoming correspondence-includes correspondence from many state and federal officials Box 111 Folder 3

Incoming correspondence from Van H. Manning & A. Horney, Washington, D.C. Box 111 Folder 4

Incoming correspondence from S.L. Crissey, Washington, D.C. Box 111 Folder 5

Incoming correspondence from E.A.O'Neal, 1886 Box 111 Folder 6

Incoming correspondence from Thomas Seay, 1888-1890 Box 111 Folder 7

Incoming correspondence from William C. Oates, 1896 Box 111 Folder 8

Incoming correspondence from Joseph F. Johnston, 1896 Box 111 Folder 9

Miscellaneous Correspondence, 1887-1892, 1896. Box 111 Folder 10

Report on progress from Caldwell to Gov. Seay-no date Box 111 Folder 11

Rough draft and part of carbon copy of Caldwell's legal argument to Gov. Seay Box 111 Folder 12

County township and range maps of Dale, Henry, Geneva, Covington, Escambia, Baldwin, Crenshaw, Pike, & Clarke Counties Box 111 Folder 13

Swamplands Grant Bill. Box 111 Folder 14

Legal Papers, general. Deal with partitioning of indemnity lands copy of lease between Gov. Oates with Caldwell and McNawara, and Delany. Also rough draft if bill giving some land back to the U.S. Government. Box 111 Folder 15

Alabama case. Legal brief supports argument for grant of indemnity lands to state of Alabama by federal government. Box 111 Folder 16

Alabama vs. Mack Holmes Legal Papers Box 111 Folder 17

Envelopes Box 111 Folder 18

Miscellaneous. Map coordinates, list of indemnity lands, index to numbers of contigous lands on map-parted. Box 111 Folder 19