acumen 3.0ɑ
W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Collective Protection documents MSS.0344

ASSET VIEWER
Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

June 2008

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-01-22T20:26-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Janaury 2013
Collection Title:

Collective Protection documents

Unit ID:

MSS.0344

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.1 Linear feet (5 documents, 23 pages)

Dates:

1941-1945

Abstract:

Documents on Collective Protection probably produced by authorities in Birmingham, Alabama, and Montgomery, Alabama, shortly after the United States entered World War II. They cover all areas of collective protection such as home protection, lighting restrictions, espionage and sabotage, war gases and shelters.

Scope and Contents note

This collection consists of five documents on Collective Protection probably produced by the “civil defense” type authorities in Montgomery, Alabama, and Birmingham, Alabama, shortly after the United States entered World War II. A comment in one of the documents which helps date these articles, states that “Recent experience in England has shown that air raid casualties among the civilian population are in almost direct proportions to the extent to which the people fail to take cover and expose themselves during air attacks.” Another states, “Based on the President’s directives, there was established the ‘FBI Law Enforcement Officers Mobilization Plan for National Defense,’ which has been in operation many months.”

These documents cover: collective protection (home protection, types of shelters, gas-proofing and gas masks, fire precautions, and lighting restrictions); the duties of emergency auxiliary police officers (including what buildings and industries will probably be the most likely to be attacked by bombing raids or sabotage, looting during black-out periods, fires due to incendiary bombs, etc.); types of espionage (commercial, industrial, agricultural, labor, financial, utility, military, and diplomatic) and the types of espionage agents; war gases (the types of gases and their effects); and lighting restrictions and blackouts.

Processing Information:

Processed by

Martha Bace, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

Preferred Citation:

Collective Protection Documents, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Acquisition Information:

unknown

Biographical/Historical note

The term "collective protection" is used to describe policies and procesdures designed for group protection of personnel in a time of war.

Access Restrictions:

None

Usage Restrictions:

None

Source(s)

Alabama (localbroad)

Alabama--History--1819-1950 (lcsh)

Alabama--Politics and government (lcsh)

Birmingham (Ala.) (lcsh)

Community and Place (localbroad)

Government, Law and Politics (localbroad)

Health, Medicine and Welfare (localbroad)

Montgomery (Ala.) (lcsh)

War and Military (localbroad)

World War II (localbroad)

Documents Box 3434