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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Confederated States Army, Thirty-Eighth Virginia Infantry Regiment records MSS.0349

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

February 2008

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-02-06T13:17-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

February 2013
Collection Title:

Confederate States Army, Thirty-Eighth Virginia Infantry Regiment records

Unit ID:

MSS.0349

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.05 Linear feet (7 items)

Dates:

1862-1864

Abstract:

A miscellany of materials pertaining to the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment, including muster rolls of Company A, a special order naming hospital stewards, a certificate of disability, and a list of payment and clothing issued.

creator

Confederate States of America. Army. Virginia Infantry Regiment, 38th.

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a miscellany of materials pertaining to the 38th Virginia Infantry Regiment, including muster rolls of Company A, a special order naming hospital stewards, a certificate of disability, and a list of payment and clothing issued.

Preferred Citation:

Confederate States Army, Thirty-Eighth Virginia Infantry Regiment records, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Dr. Walter H. Bennett, 1979

Access Restrictions:

None

Usage Restrictions:

None

Biographical/Historical note

The 38th Virginia Volunteer Infantry Regiment was an infantry regiment raised in Virginia for service in the Confederate States Army during the American Civil War. It fought mostly with the Army of Northern Virginia. The 38th Virginia was organized in Pittsylvania County, Virginia, in June 1861. Its members were recruited in Pittsylvania, Halifax, and Mecklenburg counties. It served under the command of Generals Early, Garland, Armistead, Barton, and Stuart. Among the founders of the regiment was Lt. Col. (later Colonel) Powhatan Bolling Whittle of Mecklenburg County, who was later wounded at the Battle of Williamsburg. The 38th participated in the campaigns of the Army of Northern Virginia from Williamsburg to Gettysburg, then served in North Carolina. Later it was attached to the Department of Richmond, fought at Drewry's Bluff and Cold Harbor, endured the hardships of the Petersburg trenches, and ended the war at Appomattox. The regiment totalled 544 effectives in April 1862, and sustained 9 casualties at Williamsburg, 147 at Seven Pines, 94 at Malvern Hill, and 16 in the Maryland Campaign. More than fifty-five percent of the 400 engaged at Gettysburg were disabled and it reported 11 killed, 30 wounded, and 10 missing at Drewry's Bluff. The unit surrendered 12 officers and 82 men. Its commanders were Colonels Joseph R. Cabell, Edward C. Edmonds, George K. Griggs, and Powhatan Whittle; Lieutenant Colonel George A. Martin; and Majors Isaac H. Carrington and Henderson L. Lee.

Processing Information:

Processed by

S. Braden, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

Source(s)

Civil War (localbroad)

Military records (aat)

Muster rolls (aat)

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Hospitals (lcsh)

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories (lcsh)

Virginia--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 (lcsh)

War and Military (localbroad)

Records Box 1578