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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Confederate States of America, War Department, Nitre and Mining Bureau, District 10 letter MSS.0350

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

February 2008

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-02-06T14:07-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

February 2013
Collection Title:

Confederate States of America, War Department, Nitre and Mining Bureau, District 10 letter

Unit ID:

MSS.0350

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.05 Linear feet (1 item, 1 leaf)

Dates:

1864 October 4

Abstract:

Letter dated 4 October 1864, from W.H.C. Price, Superintendent of the C.S.A. War Department's Nitre and Mining District 10, to P.J. Weaver, requesting his urgent cooperation in the manufacturing of nitre.

creator

Confederate States of America. Nitre and Mining Bureau.

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a letter dated 4 October 1864, from W.H.C. Price, Superintendent of the C.S.A. War Department, Nitre and Mining District 10, requesting that P.J. Weaver furnish the government with "the dirt under the houses on your plantation" for "the manufacture of Nitre" and also the wood and water needed to process it and five "negro men" and a wagon and team for sixty days. Price states that "the necessity" for Weaver's cooperation is "urgent."

Preferred Citation:

Confederate States of America, War Department, Nitre and Mining Bureau, District 10 letter, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Biographical/Historical note

Niter (saltpeter), a key ingredient in gunpowder and other explosives, was mined in caves in various places in the South. Early in the war, several officers began informally overseeing the mining operations. Niter for the manufacture of gunpowder, copper, lead, iron, coal, zinc, and other such materials as might be required for the prosecution of the war. Those activities became more formalized after 16 June 1863, when the First Confederate Congress passed an act authorizing the creation of a formal Niter and Mining Bureau as an independent office within the Confederate War Department. Its first commander was Colonel Isaac M. St. John. The Bureau opened new coalfields in North Carolina and Alabama and coordinated the flow of mineral fuel to Confederate naval stations along the coast. A corps of officers was established for this purpose. During the latter half of the war, the corps reported to Benjamin Huger. Among their battle actions was the Battle of Piedmont during the Valley Campaigns of 1864.

Access Restrictions:

None

Usage Restrictions:

None

Acquisition Information:

unknown

Processing Information:

Processed by

S. Braden, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

Source(s)

Civil War (localbroad)

Coal mines and mining (lcsh)

Confederate States of America--Politics and government (lcsh)

Farming and Agriculture (localbroad)

Government, Law and Politics (localbroad)

Letters (correspondence) (aat)

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Social aspects (lcsh)

Letter Box 2498