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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Sarah Ann (Gayle) and Williama B. Crawford Papers, 1833 - 1889 MSS.0369

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Author:

Finding aid prepared by Martha Bace

Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@bama.ua.edu

2008

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2009-10-22T13:08-0500

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

Sarah Ann (Gayle) and William B. Crawford Papers

Unit ID:

MSS.0369

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.8 Linear feet

Dates:

1833-1889

Abstract:

Correspondence, diaries, journals, speeches, scrapbooks, and other papers of Sarah Ann Gayle Crawford, sister to Amelia Gayle Gorgas, and William B. Crawford.

Language of Materials

English

Biograpica/Historical Note

Sarah Ann Gayle Crawford (1824–1895) was born in Claiborne, Monroe County, Alabama on March 24, 1824, the second child and oldest daughter of Sarah Pringle Haynsworth and John Gayle (lawyer, legislator, jurist, and governor of Alabama from 1831 to 1835). Upon John Gayle's election as Governor in 1833 the Gayle family moved to the state capital, Tuscaloosa, where her mother died in 1835 in Tuscaloosa. Sarah and Amelia remained in Tuscaloosa under the care of their mother’s friend, Mrs. Alva Woods. John Gayle married Clarissa Stedman Peck in 1837 and reunited the family in Toulminville, Alabama, just north of Mobile. At age fifteen, Sarah accompanied by her father, travelled to New York City to enroll in Madame Adele Canda’s boarding school. She returned home to Toulminville in 1841. She married William B. Crawford, a prominent Mobile physician from Winnsboro, South Carolina on December 8, 1842. They had four children: Clara Jane, Amelia Gayle (“Millie”), William Bones, Jr., (“Billy”) and Sarah (“Sallie”).

William Bones Crawford (1809–1853) was born in 1809 in South Carolina. He graduated from South Carolina College, where he was a classmate of John B. Floyd, U.S. Secretary of War 1859–1860. Crawford received his medical training in Paris, France from 1832 to 1833. After his marriage to Sarah, he practiced medicine in Mobile until his own health declined in the later 1840s. In 1849, he and Sarah travelled abroad for his health. In 1853 Sarah left her children in the care of her sister Amelia Gayle to once again accompany her husband abroad for his health. They travelled to England, France, and Spain where they settled in Malaga at the Fonda de la Alameda. Crawford died on December 28, 1853.

Sarah returned to Mobile in February 1854. During the Civil War Sarah resided in Mobile and in 1864 she moved to Eutaw, Greene County, Alabama to the home of her late husband’s brother, Colonel James Crawford. By January 1876, Sarah had returned to Mobile and began taking in boarders to augment her meager resources. From 1884 to 1894 she lived with her youngest daughter, Sarah (“Sallie”), who had married Samuel Hughes and lived in Edgefield, South Carolina. In 1895, Sarah returned to Alabama and lived with her sister, Amelia Gayle Gorgas, whose home was on the University of Alabama campus. Sarah died in Tuscaloosa, Alabama on November 29, 1895.

Sarah Gayle Crawford’s brother-in-law, Josiah Gorgas, was chief of ordnance of the Confederate Army and president of the University of Alabama after the War. The University of Alabama’s main library building is named for his wife and Sarah’s sister, Amelia Gayle Gorgas, who was the University’s librarian for many years. Dr. William Crawford Gorgas, the conqueror of yellow fever, was Josiah and Amelia’s son and Sarah’s, nephew.

Sources

Mary Tabb Johnston, Amelia Gayle Gorgas: A Biography (University, AL.: University of Alabama Press, 1978).

Thomas McAdory Owen, History of Alabama and Dictionary of Alabama Biography, vol. III (Chicago, IL.: S.J. Clarke, 1921), p. 648

Wiggins, Sarah Woolfolk, The Journals of Josiah Gorgas, 1857 – 1878 (Tuscaloosa, AL: University of Alabama Press, 1995), p. 263.

Scope and Contents

The Sarah Ann (Gayle) and William B. Crawford papers consist of journals, correspondence, scrapbooks, photographs, and miscellaneous materials.

The journals, with one exception, are those of Sarah Gayle Crawford, covering the period from June 1839 to February 1854. In them she relates her travel to New York City in 1839 to attend school; a visit made with her husband, William B. Crawford, in 1849 to the Crawford family in Columbia, South Carolina; trips to Washington, DC, the New England states and Canada; and their last journey together, to England, France, and Spain in 1853, in search of a healthful environment for William, who died from tuberculosis in Malaga, Spain. The other journal is William’s and dates from his trip to Europe in 1833.

The journals give the Crawford’s observations on geography, architecture, climate, social customs, hotel accommodations, and expenses. There are descriptions of Sarah being introduced to President Zachary Taylor, First Lady Betsy Taylor, and an aged Dolly Madison. They also trace the declining health of William, depicting nineteenth-century medical practices of bleeding and administration of large doses of laudanum, and make reference to the 1839 and 1853 epidemics of yellow fever in Mobile, Alabama.

There is some correspondence to and from Sarah Crawford, to and from William Crawford, and among other family members. Some letters are also found pasted in two scrapbooks kept by Sarah and continued by her daughter Sallie Crawford Hughes.

The scrapbooks include pictures and poems selected by Sarah Crawford, wedding invitations and announcements, newspaper clippings of marriages and funerals of family members and friends, clippings of casualty reports from the Civil War, and the list of wedding presents received by Sallie Crawford Hughes in 1884.

The photographs include one of Amelia Gayle Gorgas, Sarah Crawford’s sister, standing before the Gorgas home on the University of Alabama campus in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, one of Stanhope Bayne Jones, and views of Cannes, France in 1853. Additionally there is a sketch of the Josiah Gorgas monument. There is also a mourning card with locks of grey hair, presumed to be Sarah Crawford’s hair, stitched onto the card as well as some dried flowers. The handwritten card reads ”Born in Cliborne Alabama March 24th 1824 – Sarah Gayle Crawford – Died in Tuscaloosa Ala – Nov. 29th 1895 – Married in Mobile Dec. 8th, 1842 by the Rev. Dr. Boring, to Dr. Wm. B Crawford.” The name “Sarah Amelia Hughes” is written on the left hand edge of the card.

Access Restrictions:

None

Processing Information:

Processed by

Martha Bace, 2008

Preferred Citation:

The Sarah Gayle and William B. Crawford Papers, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Miss Mary Adams Hughes, 1975

SARAH ANN GAYLE CRAWFORD SERIES:

Components in Detail

CORRESPONDENCE, 1854-1884 SUBSERIES:

Scope and Contents

Incoming Correspondence, 1854–1889: correspondents include: T.L. Bayne, Amelia Gayle Gorgas, V. Garrow, C.V. Hale, Ada Holcombe, Octavia Walteon Lavert, Emma Pott, and M.B.B. Stafford. These letters concern family matters, invitataions, news of deaths and condolences.

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Incoming Correspondence, 1854-1884 Box 369.001 Folder 1

JOURNALS, 1839-1854 SUBSERIES:

Scope and Contents

This subseries contains Sarah Gayle Crawford’s journals and describe: her school days in New York City, with commentary on family and friends, details of the trip from Alabama to school in New York, and activities while in school in New York City; trips to South Carolina, Washington City (DC), New England and Canada including an account of the Crawford’s experience in a railway accident; and the 1853 trip to England, France and Spain, including accounts of medical practices and treatments for consumption (tuberculosis) and describes William Crawford’s last days.

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1839 June 15 – August 24 Box 369.001 Folder 2

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1839 August 25 – 1840 January 3 Box 369.001 Folder 3

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 May 2–8 Box 369.001 Folder 4

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 May 12 – June 2 Box 369.001 Folder 5

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 June 2 Box 369.001 Folder 6

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 June 27 – July 14 Box 369.001 Folder 7

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 July 20 – August 5 Box 369.001 Folder 8

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 August 12 – September 9 Box 369.001 Folder 9

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1849 September 9 – October 21 Box 369.001 Folder 10

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1853 July 17 – September 3 Box 369.001 Folder 11

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1853 September 4 – 13 Box 369.001 Folder 12

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1853 September 17 – November 3 Box 369.001 Folder 13

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1853 October 31 – November 6 Box 369.001 Folder 14

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1853 November 6 – December 25 Box 369.001 Folder 15

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1854 January 4 – 29 Box 369.001 Folder 16

Sarah Ann (Gayle) Crawford: Journal, 1854 January 29 – February 2 Box 369.001 Folder 17

WILLIAM BONES CRAWFORD SERIES:

Components in Detail

CORRESPONDENCE, 1842-1853 SUBSERIES:

Scope and Contents

Incoming correspondence, 1842–1843: two letters from Matt Gayle, Sarah’s older brother, expressing his pleasure at Crawford’s engagement to Sarah and then congratulations on their marriage.

Outgoing correspondence, 1849–1853: two letters to John Gayle, Sarah’s father, urging him to seek a judicial appointment, and from Paris, announcing Crawford’s decision to travel further south in search of a more healthful environment.

William Bones Crawford: Incoming Correspondence, 1842 – 1843 Box 369.001 Folder 18

William Bones Crawford: Outgoing Correspondence, 1849 – 1853 Box 369.001 Folder 19

JOURNAL, 1833 SUBSERIES:

Scope and Contents

This subseries contains William Crawford’s journal kept during his trip to Europe in 1833. It contains his observations on Bologna, Florence, Rome and Naples.

William Bones Crawford: Journal, 1833 August 29 – September 7 Box 369.001 Folder 20

OTHER MATERIAL SERIES:

Scope and Contents note

This series is divided into five files: correspondence of other family members, photographs, newspaper clippings, pictures and miscellaneous items.

The correspondents include: William B. Crawford, Jr. to Sallie Crawford Hughes, Charlotte Germane to Mary Hughes, E.M. Miller to M. Hughes, Sadie E. Yautis to Mrs. Hughes, Mr. Taylor to Misses C. Crawford, Auria, Mary and Amelia. The letters are about family and friends.

The photographs include one of Amelia Gayle Gorgas standing in front of the Gorgas house on the University of Alabama campus in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, a portrait of Stanhope Bayne Jones, and two commercial views of Cannes, France.

The newspaper clippings include: an article written by Amelia Gayle Gorgas entitled “Women as Librarians,” political cartoons, and obituaries of Sarah Gayle Crawford, William L. Alexander, and William D. Dunn.

The pictures file contains pictures cut from nineteenth century periodicals reflecting interests of the times and a sketch of the Josiah Gorgas monument.

The miscellaneous file includes fragments of notes and letters, invitations, calling cards as well as a mourning card with locks of grey hair from Sarah Crawford, stitched onto the card with some pressed, dried flowers. The handwritten card reads ”Born in Cliborne Alabama March 24th 1824 – Sarah Gayle Crawford – Died in Tuscaloosa Ala – Nov. 29th 1895 – Married in Mobile Dec. 8th, 1842 by the Rev. Dr. Boring, to Dr. Wm. B Crawford.” The name “Sarah Amelia Hughes” is written on the left hand edge of the card.

Components in Detail

Correspondence of Other Family Members Box 369.001 Folder 21

Scope and Contents note

Correspondents include: William B. Crawford, Jr. to Sallie Crawford Hughes, Charlotte Germane to Mary Hughes, E.M. Miller to M. Hughes, Sadie E. Yautis to Mrs. Hughes, Mr. Taylor to Misses C. Crawford, Auria, Mary and Amelia. The letters are about family and friends.

Photographs Box 369.001 Folder 22

Scope and Contents

The photographs include one of Amelia Gayle Gorgas standing in front of the Gorgas house on the University of Alabama campus in Tuscaloosa, Alabama, a portrait of Stanhope Bayne Jones, and two commercial views of Cannes, France.

Newspaper Clippings Box 369.001 Folder 23

Scope and Contents

The newspaper clippings includes: an article written by Amelia Gayle Gorgas entitled “Women as Librarians,” political cartoons, and obituaries of Sarah Gayle Crawford, William L. Alexander, and William D. Dunn.

Pictures Box 369.001 Folder 24

Scope and Contents

The pictures subseries contains pictures cut from nineteenth century periodicals reflecting interests of the times and a sketch of the Josiah Gorgas monument.

Sketch of Josiah Gorgas Monument Box 369.001 Folder 25

Miscellaneous Box 369.001 Folder 26

Scope and Contents

The miscellaneous subseries includes fragments of notes and letters, invitations, calling cards as well as a mourning card with locks of grey hair from Sarah Crawford, stitched onto the card with some pressed, dried flowers. The handwritten card reads ”Born in Cliborne Alabama March 24th 1824 – Sarah Gayle Crawford – Died in Tuscaloosa Ala – Nov. 29th 1895 – Married in Mobile Dec. 8th, 1842 by the Rev. Dr. Boring, to Dr. Wm. B Crawford.” The name “Sarah Amelia Hughes” is written on the left hand edge of the card.

SCRAPBOOKS SERIES:

Scope and Contents

This series includes two scrapbooks.

The red scrapbook was apparently begun by Sarah Gayle Crawford and continued by her daughter Sallie Crawford Hughes. It includes: a pass issued to Lieutenant R. H. Gayle by the confederate Secretary of the Navy, 1864; instructions for Sarah Gayle’s behavior and list of individuals to visit written by her mother on occasion of Sarah’s visit to Mobile in 1835; and a list of wedding presents received by Sallie Crawford Hughes in 1884. It also includes a letter from Sarah Gayle Crawford’s mother to her father, 1835, on a speech made by General Parsons and refers to reading a book by Fanny Kemble.

There are letters to Sarah Gayle Crawford from: A.F. Florian, 1844, declining an invitation Sister Harriet of the Church Home for Orphans, Mobile, congratulating her on her daughter’s marriage E. Goldthwaite, 1883, inviting her to go for a ride in his carriage C. Gazzam, 1884, declining an invitation. This is also addressed to Sallie Crawford Hughes

There are also letters to Sallie Crawford Hughes from: Aunt Ria in New Orleans, 1860, inviting her to visit A member of the Crawford family, 1866, about her studies and refers to sending her a box of fruit Lucy R. Strother, The Hickories, 1884, inviting her to come for a visit Mrs. M. Bones, 1885, accompanying a gift Cousin Albert Vaught in New Orleans, 1880, on being unable to meet with her

The brown scrapbook was a gift to Sallie Crawford from Hugh A. Bayne in 1887. It includes poetry and period clippings, including clippings of poems written to Sarah Ann Gayle by Francis Scott Key in 1833. It also contains a reprint of an extract from the minutes of the Board of Trustees, University of Alabama, 1883, on the death of General Josiah Gorgas, formerly president of the University and a handwritten invitationi by Governor John Gayle to Dr. and Mrs. Shaw to attend the wedding of Sarah Ann Gayle and Dr. William B. Crawford.

Marriages mentioned include those of: Sallie Crawford and Samuel Hughes Minna Bayne and Dr. Stanhope Jones Julia Crawford and A.V.L. Brokow Fretchen Muller and T.L. Bayne

Obituaries include those of: Minna Bayne (Mrs. Stanhope Jones) Charles Bowin Bayne Thomas B. Bayne Zemula Creswell Webb Flora Levy Gayle William P. Webb Thomas Livingston Bayne Queenie Blevins (Mrs. Robert C. Crawford)

There are also letters to Sarah Gayle Crawford from: Madame Adele Canda, in response to a letter of sympathy on the death of her daughter Charlotte (the letter is in French) Andrew Crawford, attorney, 1888, in response to her request to locate information about Dr. Crawford’s college career (He encloses Dr. M. La Borde’s book History of the S.C. College,containing list of graduates in 1829. He also talked with Francis W. Fickling and Col. Alex. Taylor, members of the class of 1829.) D.D. Sanderson of Eutaw, Alabama, 1887, in response to her sympathy letter for the death of his wife George Denegre of the New Orleans law firm o f Bayne, Denegre & Bayne, 1891, notifying her that he was succeeding Mr. Bayne, who had died, in handling her business affairs Lucy C. Thomson of San Francisco, 1870, remembering her in friendship

There is also a letter from Sarah Gayle Crawford to Dr. Searcy, a Tuscaloosa pharmacist, requesting that he send her a bill (he declines to bill her in memory of her husband)

Components in Detail

Red scrapbook Box 369.002 Folder 1

Brown scrapbook Box 369.002 Folder 2