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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Demopolis, Alabama, Bonds MSS.0426


University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266

January 2009


This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-02-27T14:42-0600

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February 2013
Collection Title:

Demopolis, Alabama, Bonds

Unit ID:



University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama


0.05 Linear feet


1819 April 21


Bonds for the "sixteen-hundred and eightieth part" interest in the Company of the town of Demopolis, Alabama, in 1819.

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains three bonds for the "sixteen-hundred and eightieth part" of the company of the town of Demopolis, Alabama. All three bonds are dated 21 April 1819 and are signed by four commissioners of the town of Demopolis.

Biographical/Historical note

Demopolis was founded and named by a group of French expatriates, a mix of exiled former Bonapartists and other French migrants who had settled in the United States following the overthrow of the colonial government in Saint-Domingue. The name, meaning the People's City or City of the People, was chosen to honor the democratic ideals behind the endeavor. First settled in 1817, it is one of the oldest continuous settlements in Alabama, incorporating on 11 December 1821.

Organizing themselves first in Philadelphia, French expatriates petitioned the U.S. Congress to sell them property for land to colonize. Congress granted approval by an act on 3 March 1817 that allowed them to buy four townships in the Alabama Territory at $2 per acre, with the provision that they cultivate grape vines and olive trees. Following advice obtained from experienced Western pioneers, they determined that Alabama would provide a good climate for cultivating these crops. By 14 July 1817, a small party of pioneers had settled at White Bluff on the Tombigbee River, at the present site of Demopolis, founding the Vine and Olive Colony.

Preferred Citation:

Demopolis, Alabama, Bonds, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

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Processed by

C. Doughty, 2009; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

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Usage Restrictions:



Demopolis (Ala.). (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Bonds (negotiable instruments) (aat)

Demopolis (Ala.) (lcsh)

Marengo County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Bonds Box 205