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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Landon Cabell Garland letters MSS.0558


University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266

February 2008


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April 2013
Collection Title:

Landon Cabell Garland letters

Unit ID:



University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama


2.2 Linear feet (2.2 linear feet, 140 items)




Letters concerning the affairs of the University and the Corps of Cadets from this University of Alabama president (1854-1865).


Garland, Landon C., 1810-1895, Landon Cabell

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains letters from this University of Alabama president (1854-1865) concerning the affairs of the University and the Corps of Cadets. Among the letters' recipients were Alabama Governors J.G. Shorter and Thomas Watts.

Acquisition Information:

Gift of Frank H. Bromberg, Jr. through Douglas Jones, 1992

Preferred Citation:

Landon Cabell Garland letters, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Processing Information:

Processed by

unknown, 2008; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

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Biographical/Historical note

Landon Cabell Garland was born on 21 March 1810 in Nelson County, Virginia. After graduating with honors from Hampden-Sydney College, he taught chemistry and natural philosophy at Washington College (Lexington, Virginia) for approximately one year, and then taught chemistry and natural history at Randolph-Macon College, until being elected president of that institution in 1837. In 1854, he was chosen to be the next president of the University of Alabama in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Because of discipline and student behavior issues, Garland lobbied and received permission from the state legislature to transform the university into a military academy. Many of the cadets who graduated from the university went on to serve as officers in the Confederate Army during the Civil War. As a consequence of that, the University of Alabama was burned to the ground by Union troops on 5 April 1865.

After struggling to rebuild the campus Garland accepted the chair of philosophy and astronomy at the University of Mississippi in 1867. Later, his was tapped to help establish a Methodist university in Nashville, Tennessee - Vanderbilt University.

Garland died on 13 February 1895 and was buried in a fenced graved near the Divinity Quadrangle on the Vanderbilt campus.


Shorter, John Gill, 1818-1872 (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

University of Alabama Corps of Cadets. (local)

Watts, T. H. (Thomas Hill), 1819-1892 (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Alabama (localbroad)

Alabama--Politics and government (lcsh)

Education (localbroad)

Government, Law and Politics (localbroad)

University of Alabama (localbroad)

University of Alabama--Presidents (lcsh)

Letters Box 636

Three letterbooks for the periods 1862-1863, 1863-1864, and 1864-1865. Arranged chronologically within each volume, the letters covering matters relating to the University. The volume for 1862-1863 is in quite good condition and the leaves are very legible. The two remaining volumes however are in an advanced state of deterioration and those leaves that are still in one piece are practically illegible, except in a few places. Box 637

Handwritten transcripts of the letters in letterbook for 1862-1863 in box 637. There are 15 of these covering the period from September 23, 1862-September 16, 1863. They appear to be in good condition. Box 638

Contains one folder labeled L.C. Garland to F.E. Smith that contains a photcopy of a portrait of Graland and two photcopies of transcriptions of the May 20, 1861 letter from L.C. Garland to F.E. Smith. Box 3548

Garland Letterbook - vol. 1, 1862-1863 Box 2705

Garland Letterbook - vol. 2, pt. 1 Box 2706

Garland Letterbook - vol. 2, pt. 2 Box 2707

Garland Letterbook - vol. 3, pt. 1 Box 2708

Garland Letterbook - vol. 3, pt. 2 Box 2709