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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the King family papers MSS.0817

ASSET VIEWER
Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

1988

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-10-22T14:12-0500

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

2007; 2013
Collection Title:

King family papers

Unit ID:

MSS.0817

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.8 Linear feet

Dates:

1803-1894

Abstract:

Includes the papers of the King family of Perry County, Alabama, who owned plantations and other businesses.

Scope and Contents note

The papers include accounts, notes, receipts, legal documents, inventories, books, a diary, a speech, a family tree and miscellaneous items relating to the family.

The King Family Papers reveal that Elisha F. King was a successful entrepreneur and multi-plantation owner. At his death he passed these good fortunes on to his only living child, Edwin W. King.

In 1852 when Edwin W. King assumed the management of his father's estate, he became one of the wealthiest men in Alabama. He also achieved success with a hotel in Marion.

When Edwin died in 1860, he left this great responsibility to his wife, Rhoda B. King. With Mrs. King's excellent business judgment, she probably would have been able to hold on to most of the property had she not been faced with the Civil War.

A few of the papers of Edwin W. and Rhoda B. King's children are also included in the collection. These papers reflect their problems created by the Civil War as well as their successes and failures.

Processing Information:

Processed by

Gibson, Penny Calhoun, 1988; updated by McIlwain, John, 2007; updated by Martha Bace, 2013

Acquisition Information:

Mr. and Mrs. Julian Hart, 198?

Biographical/Historical note

Elisha F. King (April 10, 1789 - May 11, 1852) was the oldest son of Woody and Sarah King. Among the earliest settlers of Perry County, Alabama, he came to Alabama from Georgia in 1819 to start a plantation, soon became a leading cotton producer. Elisha married Margaret Moore on February 7, 1813. At his death he owned nearly 8,000 acres of farm land, 186 slaves, and a large number of town lots in Marion, Alabama. His property, other than farm land and slaves, was valued at $106,202.11. Margaret Moore King (December 1, 1791 - September 25, 1863) was the daughter of John and Martha Moore. She was married to Elisha F. King on February 7, 1813, and bore three children--Martha Anne Ford King, Sarah Ann King, and Edwin W. King.

Edwin Woody King (November 28, 1813 - August 10, 1860) was the son of Elisha F. and Margaret King. At his father's death Edwin took over the management of the plantations and cotton farming. He was involved in the construction of the Marion and Cahawba Railroad. He was married to Rhoda Bateman Langdom on July 25, 1833.

Rhoda Bateman Langdon King (November 11, 1817 - January 17, 1895) was the daughter of Levi and Clarissa Langdon. She married Edwin W. King on July 25, 1833, and bore eight children--three boys and five girls. She was forced to take over the running of the plantations after her husband's death. She was able to do this successfully until the Civil War, at which time the plantation system crumbled.

Margaret Clara King Holman (Huey) (June 13, 1838 - October 13, 1910) was the daughter of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. She was married to Dr. W. P. Holman on January 23, 1856, and bore one daughter, Margaret Holman Barker. After the death of her husband, W. P. Holman, she married General James G. L. Huey on January 9, 1866.

Dr. William P. Holman died May 28, 1861. He married Margaret Clara King January 23, 1856. He set up his medical practice in Marion. Dr. Holman tried to help with the plantation business but always seemed to have money problems.

General James G. L. Huey (June 28, 1813 - March 20, 1889) married Margaret Clara Holman January 9, 1866.

Elisha Ford King (September 22, 1841 - March 5, 1864) was the son of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. Charles E. King (September 9, 1849 - October 27, 1913) was the son of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. He married Ann Elizabeth Sturdivant on December 18, 1872.

DeWitt L. King was born November 12, 1846. He was the son of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. He married Lizzie T. Body.

Sarah E. King Huey was born in 1844. She was the daughter of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. She married Col. Benjamin M. Huey on June 9, 1863.

Col. Benjamin M. Huey (June 15, 1840 - May 26, 1906).

Callie Lumpkin King Sturdivant (August 7, 1855 - September 17, 1888) was the daughter of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. She married Walter J. Sturdivant on June 7, 1876.

Mary Elizabeth King (May 22, 1859 - May 7, 1886) was the daughter of Edwing W. and Rhoda King.

Mattie A. King Scott (September 4, 1853 - March 1, 1873) was the daughter of Edwin W. and Rhoda King. She married J. E. Scott on January 24, 1872.

Margaret Holman Barker (November 5, 1856 - April 15, 1930) was the daughter of Dr. W. P. and Margaret Clara Holman. She married Charles Leroy Barker on October 20, 1875.

Charles Leroy Barker (December 25, 1847 - October 29, 1924) was married to Margaret Holman on October 20, 1875.

SOURCE: Jordan, Weymouth T. "The Elisha F. King Family Planters of Alabama Black Belt."

Preferred Citation:

King family papers, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Access Restrictions:

None

Usage Restrictions:

None

Source(s)

King, Edwin Woody, 1813-1860 (local)

King, Elisha F., 1789-1852 (local)

King, Margaret Moore, 1791-1863 (local)

King, Rhoda Bateman Langdon, 1817-1895 (local)

Alabama (lcsh)

Correspondence (aat)

Daily Life and Family (localbroad)

Diaries (aat)

Farming and Agriculture (localbroad)

Southern Life and Culture (localbroad)

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 (lcsh)

Accounts and Receipts of Family Members A.

Components in Detail

Captain Elisha F. King 249 items Box 2905 Folder 1

Elisha F. King land purchases 12 items Box 2905 Folder 2

Elisha F. King Railroad material 15 items Box 2905 Folder 3

Margaret Moore King 36 items Box 2905 Folder 4

Edwin W. King 59 items Box 2905 Folder 6 Box 2905 Folder 5

Rhoda B. King 59 items Box 2905 Folder 7

Charles E. King 25 items Box 2905 Folder 8

Dr. W.P. Holman 80 items Box 2905 Folder 9

General James G.L. Huey and Clarissa M. Huey 21 items Box 2905 Folder 10

C.L. Barker 33 items Box 2905 Folder 11

Slave Purchases 13 items Box 2905 Folder 12

King, Upson, and Company 26 items Box 2905 Folder 13

Legal Documents B.

Components in Detail

Rhoda B. King 5 items Box 3005 Folder 14

Charles E. King 3 items Box 3005 Folder 15

DeWitt L. King 2 items Box 3005 Folder 16

Correspondence Outgoing C.

Components in Detail

Letters written by Elisha F. King 2 items Box 3005 Folder 17

Letter written by Edwin W. King while at Georga Athens College 1 item Box 3005 Folder 18

Correspondence Incoming D.

Components in Detail

Captain Elisha F. King Box 3005 Folder 19

Scope and Contents note

a. D. C. B. Connerly 1839. 1 item. b. J.C. Goree 1838. 1 item. c. Boyce Ison 1834. 1 item. d. Lea & Langdom 1837. 1 item. e. Rives L. Mather 1824. 1 item. f. McDowell Withers Cotton Brokers (1830-1837). 20 items. No arrangement.

Edwin W. King Box 3005 Folder 20

Scope and Contents note

a. C.H. (1834-1860). 8 items. No arrangement. b. John Moon or Moore, "Your Cousin," (1857-1859). 5 items. No arrangement.

Mrs. Rhoda B. King Box 3005 Folder 21

Scope and Contents note

a. Buck & Barnes 1866. 3 items. No arrangement. b. Buck & Beauchamp Commission Merchants 1870. 1 item. c. Buck & Tuller Commission Merchants 1868. 1 item. d. William A. Buck 1866. 2 items. No arrangement. e. Lundie Fergussen 1869. 1 item.

Dr. W.P. Holman Box 3005 Folder 22

Scope and Contents note

a. A.J. Holman (brother to W. P. Holman) (1860-1861). 5 items. No arrangement. b. David A. Holman (brother to W. P. Holman) 1857. 1 item. c. J. W. Holman (1860-1861). 3 items. No arrangement. d. James G. L. Huey 1873. 1 item. e. Marshall J. Smith and Company 1861. 5 items. No arrangement. f. McDowell Withers Cotton Brokers (1860-1863). 5 items. No arrangement. g. Fred B. Moon or Moore 1861. 1 item. h. Henry W. Nave 1861. 1 item. i. T. H. Nelms 1860. 1 item.

Mrs. M.C. Huey (Clarissa Huey) Box 3005 Folder 23

Scope and Contents note

a. David A. Holman (1865-1872). 2 items. No arrangement.

General James G.L. Huey Box 3005 Folder 24

Scope and Contents note

a. J. D. Kush 1872. 1 item.

Captain B.M. Huey Box 3005 Folder 25

Scope and Contents note

a. Buck & Beauchamp Commission Merchants 1871. 2 items. No arrangement. b. Lundie Fergussen 1869. 1 item.

Civil War Documents (includes goods impressed by the Confederate Government) 17 items Box 3005 Folder 26

Inventories (King House in Marion) 3 items Box 3005 Folder 27

Lodge Papers of W.P. Holman 2 items Box 3005 Folder 28

Diary of W.P. Holman 1 item Box 3005 Folder 29

Speech Made by DeWitt C. Langdon, "The Character of Washington" 1 item Box 3005 Folder 30

Handwritten book, "Practical Surveying," owner and date unknown 1 item Box 3005 Folder 31

Miscellaneous and Unknown Papers 24 items Box 3005 Folder 32

Envelopes 9 items Box 3005 Folder 33

Cloth Receipt Bag 1 item Box 3005 Folder 34

Family Tree 20 items Box 3005 Folder 35

Article by Weymouth T. Jordan, "The Elisha F. King Family Planters of the Alabama Black Belt." 2 items Box 3005 Folder 37

Book, "System of Farming at Beaver Bend, Alabama 1862" by Weymouth T. Jordan 1 item Box 3005 Folder 37

Copied Articles concerning Robert Sturdivant 4 items Box 3005 Folder 38

Photocopied Book, "Memories" by Sallie Love Banks 1 item Box 3005 Folder 39