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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the "Expansion and Contraction as Witnessed in the Senate" Political Cartoon MSS.3430

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

June 2011

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2011-08-03T08:25-0500

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

"Expansion and Contraction as Witnessed in the Senate" Political Cartoon

Unit ID:

MSS.3430

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

1.0 Linear feet

Dates:

circa 1840

Abstract:

Political cartoon depicting United States Senator Dixon Hall Lewis of Alabama, and Francis P. Blair, editor of the Washington Globe, discussing President James Buchanan's remarks to the Senate on the currency.

Access Restrictions:

None

Acquisition Information:

Unknown

Preferred Citation:

"Expansion and Contraction as Witnessed in the Senate" Political Cartoon, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Processing Information:

Processed by

Martha Bace, 2011

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a political cartoon depicting United States Senator Dixon Hall Lewis of Alabama, and Francis P. Blair, editor of the Washington Globe, discussing President James Buchanan's remarks to the Senate on the currency. In the lower margin of the cartoon, the following notes have been written in pencil below the two principal figures of the drawing. Below Lewis is written "Dixon Hall Lewis, Rep. from Ala. 1829-1844, early trustee of U of Ala." while below Blair is "Francis P. Blair, ed. of The Globe."

Biographical/Historical note

Dixon Hall Lewis (August 10, 1802—October 25, 1848) was an Alabama politician who served as a Representative, from 1926 to 1844, when he was appointed to the Senate, where he served until his death in 1848. He was an extremely obese man, weighing as much as 500 pounds, making him the heaviest member of Congress ever. A specially constructed seat was provided in the Senate chambers for him, and his carriage was fitted with unusually heavy suspension springs. According to the WPA Federal Writers' Project publication Alabama: A Guide to the Deep South, a popular witticism among Lewis's colleagues was the observation that Alabama had the largest representation of any state.

Francis P. Blair (April 12, 1791 – October 18, 1876) was an American journalist and politician. In 1830, having become an ardent follower of Andrew Jackson, he was made editor of the Washington Globe, the recognized organ of the Jackson party. In this capacity, and as a member of Jackson's "Kitchen Cabinet", he long exerted a powerful influence; the Globe was the administration organ until 1841, and the chief Democratic organ until 1845; Blair ceased to be its editor in 1849. In 1836, during his time in Washington serving Jackson, Blair acquired what later became known as Blair House, the official state guesthouse of the President of the United States since 1942.

Sources:

Wikipedia contributors. "Dixon Hall Lewis." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 May. 2011. Web. 29 Jun. 2011.

Wikipedia contributors. "Francis Preston Blair." Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 18 Feb. 2011. Web. 29 Jun. 2011.

Cartoon Box SC0078 Oversize Folder 3430.01