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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the C.S.A. Submarine H.L. Hunley print MSS.3445

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

March 2014

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2014-03-21T13:49-0500

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

C.S.A. Submarine H.L. Hunley print

Unit ID:

MSS.3445

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

1.0 Linear feet (1 print)

Dates:

after 1863

Abstract:

Print of a pen and ink sketch of the C.S.A. submarine, H.L. Hunley.

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a print of a pen and ink sketch of the C.S.A. submarine, H.L. Hunley. The Hunley was the first combat submarine to sink an enemy warship, although the Hunley was not completely submerged at the time of the attack and sank shortly afterwards.

Processing Information:

Processed by

Martha Bace, 2012

Preferred Citation:

C.S.A. Submarine H.L. Hunley print, W.S. Hoole Special Collections Library, The University of Alabama

Acquisition Information:

Unknown

Access Restrictions:

None

Biographical/Historical note

The H.L. Hunley was a Confederate States of America submarine that played a small part in the American Civil War, but a large role in the history of naval warfare. It was the first combat submarine to sink an enemy warship, although the Hunley was not completely submerged at the time of the attack and was lost at some point afterwards.

The Hunley was built in Mobile, Alabama, and launched in July 1863. It was then shipped by rail to Charleston, South Carolina, in August that same year. The ship sank twice, once on 29 August 1863, during a training exercise, killing five members of her crew, and then again on 15 October 1863, killing all eight of her crew, including the builder and financial backer Horace Hunley himself, who was aboard at the time but not enlisted in the CSA armed forces. Both times the Hunley was raised and returned to service.

On 17 February 1864, the Hunley attacked and sank the 1240-short ton screw sloop U.S.S. Housatonic on Union blockade duty in Charleston's outer harbor. Soon after, the Hunley sank for unknown reasons, killing all eight of her third crew. The innovative ship was lost until its wreackage was discovered in 1970 and raised in 2000.

Print Box SC0085 Oversize Folder 3445.01