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W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Hughes family papers MSS.3748

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

November 2013

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2014-07-18T16:55-0500

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

Hughes family papers

Unit ID:

MSS.3748

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

7.0 Linear feet

Dates:

1885-1919

Abstract:

Letters written by brothers Arley and Eli Hughes while serving in the Army during World War I and late nineteenth- and early twentieth-century artifacts of this large, rural Alabama family

creator

Hughes, Arley E., Sr.

creator

Hughes, Eli Thomas, 1892-1978

Processing Information:

Processed by

Originally processed by Martha Bace in 2013; revised and combined with another collection by Donnelly Walton, 2014

Preferred Citation:

Hughes family papers, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Acquisition Information:

gift of Arley E. Hughes Jr., 2012, and Margaret Hughes Williams, 2013

Access Restrictions:

None

Scope and Contents note

The Hughes family papers consist of three series: Arley Hughes Sr; Eli Hughes; and Artifacts and Photographs.

The Arley Hughes Sr. series includes sixty-four letters that he wrote while serving in the Army during World War I. The letters are written to various family members in Kennedy, Alabama. The letters are arranged chronologically and have photocopies in separate folders. Several letters are fairly fragile and have been interleaved for their protection.

The Eli Hughes series includes letters that he wrote from France, 1918-1919. This series also includes Eli's WWI uniform (two blouses and one pair of pants). The letter dated 24 September 1918 (box 3748.001, folder 1) includes a picture of Eli in his World War I uniform.

The Artifacts and Photographs series contains a coverlet made before 1889 by Louisa Thornton Hughes (she spun the wool, dyed it, and wove the coverlet before she married); a half slip she made to wear for her wedding on 12 December 1889; one wax doll; one china doll; and a furniture salesman's sample bed with linens (mattress, two pillows, sheet, pillowcases, and coverlet made by Louise Thornton Hughes) that was used as a doll bed. The dolls were given to Margaret Hughes by Miss Nannie Gregg, who lived next door to the business where Margaret's father worked.

There are also a few photographs (none original). There are two printouts of a scanned photograph of Arley Hughes, and one photograph of James Harvey and Louisa Thornton Hughes with six of their twelve children taken in front of the coverlet. The children are: (top row, l to r) Eli, Ethma, and Arley; and (bottom row, l to r) Naoma, Lela, and Floy.

Biographical/Historical note

James Harvey Hughes, son of James Thompson and Mary Jane Mitchell Hughes, was born on August 10, 1867, in Pickens County, Alabama. On December 12, 1889, he married Louisa Emerline Thornton (born January 17, 1868, also in Pickens County, Alabama). The couple had twelve children: (1) Arley Ezra; (2) Eli Thomas; (3) Mary Ethma; (4) Lela E.; (5) Naoma M.; (6) Floy; (7) James V.; (8) Luma E.; (9) Annie M.; (10) Charles G.; (11) Eunice D.; and (12) Anvin. James Harvey Hughes died on March 20, 1957, in Columbus, Mississippi. Louisa Hughes died on September 8, 1966, also in Columbus, Mississippi.

Arley Hughes was born on January 9, 1891. He received his law degree from the University of Alabama in May 1917, and was admitted to the Alabama State Bar in Montgomery, Alabama, on 44 June 1917. He married Virginia Ellen Doughty on 15 August 1917. Hughes was inducted into the U. S. Army on 2 April 1918, and served in Sanitary Squad No. 59 of the Army's 81st Infantry ("Wildcat") Division. He joined the American Expeditionary Forces in France from August 1918 until his discharge in late June 1919. He and Virginia had four children: Harvey; Louise; Herbert; and Bill. He died on March 22, 1969, in Tuscaloosa, Alabama.

Eli Thomas Hughes was born on April 27, 1892, in Alabama. He also served in the 81st Infantry Division in World War I. He married Daisy Lee Skinner; the couple had one daughter, Margaret. According to the 1929 and 1932 City Directories, Eli was a grocer in Tuscaloosa. He died on March 14, 1978, in Tuscaloosa.

Source(s)

Hughes, Arley E., Jr. (local)

Williams, Margaret Hughes (local)

Correspondence (aat)

Daily Life and Family (localbroad)

Dolls (lcsh)

Military uniforms (lcsh)

Textiles (lcsh)

World War I (localbroad)

World War, 1914-1918 (lcsh)

World War, 1914-1918--Personal narrarives, American (lcsh)

Arley Hughes Sr.

Components in Detail

Letters, July - September 1918 Box 3696.001 Folder 1

Letters, October - December 1918 Box 3696.001 Folder 2

Letters, January - April 1919 Box 3696.001 Folder 3

Letters, May - June 1919 Box 3696.001 Folder 4

Photograph Box 3696.001 Folder 5

Letters, July - September 1918 (Photocopies) Box 3696.001 Folder 6

Letters, October - December 1918 (Photocopies) Box 3696.001 Folder 7

Letters, January - April 1919 (Photocopies) Box 3696.001 Folder 8

Letters, May - June 1919 (Photocopies) Box 3696.001 Folder 9

Eli Hughes

Components in Detail

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - July-September 1918 Box 3748.001 Folder 1

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - October 1918 Box 3748.001 Folder 2

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - November-December 1918 Box 3748.001 Folder 3

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - January-February 1919 Box 3748.001 Folder 4

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - March-April 1919 Box 3748.001 Folder 5

Eli T. Hughes - Correspondence, Outgoing - May-June 1919 Box 3748.001 Folder 6

Eli T. Hughes - World War I uniform (blouse only) Box 3748.006

Eli T. Hughes - World War I uniform (1 blouse and pants) Box 3748.003

Artifacts and photographs

Components in Detail

Photographs Box 3748.001 Folder 7

Coverlet Box 3748.002

Wedding half slip Box 3748.002

Wax doll Box 3748.004

China doll Box 3748.004

Doll's bed with bed linens (mattress, sheet, two pillows, two pillowcases, coverlet with crocheted trim) Box 3748.005