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A. S. Williams III Americana Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Confederate Military History of Alabama W.0056

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Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

November 2013

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-11-15T16:09-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

Confederate Military History of Alabama

Unit ID:

W.0056

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.4 Linear feet

Dates:

1899

Location:

The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library, The University of Alabama.

Abstract:

Manuscript of General Joseph Wheeler's Confederate Military History of Alabama.

creator

Wheeler, Joseph, 1836-1906

creator

Williams, A. S., III

Access Restrictions:

None

Acquisition Information:

Gift of A. S. Williams III, 2010

Preferred Citation:

Confederate Military History of Alabama, The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Biographical/Historical note

Joseph Wheeler was born on September 10, 1836, in Augusta, Georgia. After attending the United States Military Academy at West Point, he was commissioned as a second lieutenant and assigned to the Regiment of Mounted Riflemen stationed in New Mexico.

Wheeler resigned his position in the U. S. Army on February 27, 1861, to join the Confederate Army. In April 1861, he was named a first lieutenant of artillery. In September 1861, Wheeler was promoted to the rank of colonel of the Nineteenth Alabama Infantry. After leading a successful campaign at Shiloh, he was appointed cavalry commander of the Army of Mississippi. In January 1863, Wheeler was again promoted, becoming the cavalry commander of the Army of Tennessee, leading a successful raid at Chickamauga and covering retreats at Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge.

As the war drew to a close, Wheeler continued to conduct raids on General William Sherman's approaching army until he was captured in May 1865. Wheeler was released in June 1865.

After the war, he married Daniella Sherrod Jones in 1866 and had seven children. In 1868, the family moved to Wheeler Station, Alabama, and established a plantation. In 1898, President William McKinley appointed Wheeler major general of volunteers at the beginning of the Spanish-American War. Wheeler fought in the Battle of San Juan Hill. Wheeler died in Brooklyn, New York on January 25, 1906, and was buried in Arlington National Cemetery.

Source: Fredriksen, John C. "Joseph Wheeler." American National Biography Online

Scope and Contents note

This 642-page typescript of General Joseph Wheeler's Confederate Military History of Alabama includes histories of infantry regiments, cavalry regiments, and battalions. Wheeler's handwritten corrections are included in the margins. The Confederate Military History of Alabama was published in 1899 by the Confederate Publishing Company in Atlanta.

Processing Information:

Processed by

Haley Aaron and Martha Bace, 2013

General note

Title on phase box spine: Confederate Military History of Alabama - Original Typescript by General Joseph Wheeler

Related Archival Materials note

Other material on Joseph Wheeler is located in the A. S. Williams III Americana Collection and the W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library. Please see the staff for assistance.

Source(s)

Williams, A. S., III (local)

Alabama--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 (lcsh)

Civil War (localbroad)

Confederate States of America--History (lcsh)

United States--History--Civil War, 1861-1865--Regimental histories (lcsh)

Manuscript Box W0056.01