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A. S. Williams III Americana Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Alabama Anthropological Society records W.0059


University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266

August 2013


This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-11-15T16:12-0600

Language Usage:


Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

Alabama Anthropological Society records

Unit ID:



University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama


0.2 Linear feet


Bulk, 1920-1922


1920-1922, 1958


The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library, The University of Alabama


Records of this early Alabama society, including correspondence, reports, newsletters, and photographs.


Brannon, Peter A. (Peter Alexander), 1882-


Williams, A. S., III

Access Restrictions:


Acquisition Information:

Gift of A. S. Williams III, 2010

Related Archival Materials note

There are also records of the Alabama Anthropological Society at the Alabama Department of Archives and History, Montgomery, Alabama.

Biographical/Historical note

The Alabama Anthropological Society was founded in 1909 by Alabama Department of Archives and History Director Thomas McAdory Owen and founding members Peter Brannon, Henry S. Halbert, Herbert B. Battle, Buckner Beasley, Edgar C. Horton, J.T. Letcher, and J. H. Paterson.

Following Owen's death in 1920, Brannon became president of the society and began publishing the newsletter Arrow Points. During the 1920s, when the club was most active, members participated in archaeological digs throughout Alabama, and many donated the artifacts they excavated to the Alabama Department of Archives and History. By the 1930s, the group's activities declined significantly as larger-scaled archaeological programs came to the fore. The society ended with the death of its last original members in the 1960s.

Sources: "The Alabama Anthropological Society: Alabama's Pioneer Archaeologists," Alabama Department of Archives and History.

Waselkov, Gregory A. "A History of the Alabama Anthropological Society," Southeastern Archaeology 13, no. 1 (Summer 1994): 64-76.

Scope and Contents note

This collection contains a variety of materials, primarily from the early part of the twentieth century, of the Alabama Anthropological Society. A significant portion of the collection is made up of correspondence (incoming and outgoing) of Peter Brannon, founding member and the Society's second president. There are also several papers or reports on Indian relics, as well as other anthropological interests. There is also a photo album containing photographs and newspaper clippings documenting Alabama Anthropological Society field trips from 1920-1922. The photographs were taken at archaeological sites in Dallas County, Macon County, and Elmore County. Newspaper clippings include obituary notices for society founder Thomas McAdory Owen, announcements, and reports on anthropological events in Alabama.

Processing Information:

Processed by

Haley Aaron and Martha Bace, 2013

General note

Title on spines: Alabama Anthropological Society Photo Album of Field Trips, 1920-1921, and Annals of the Alabama Anthropological Society

Preferred Citation:

Alabama Anthropological Society records, A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama


Alabama Anthropological Society. (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Owen, Thomas McAdory, 1866-1920 (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Williams, A. S., III (local)

Archaeology--Alabama (lcsh)

Dallas County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Elmore County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Macon County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Photographs (aat)

Photo album Box W0059.01

Ledger of membership attendance, February 1923-June 1925 Box W0059.02 Folder 1

Concerning Fort Mims - conveyance, restoration, etc. Box W0059.02 Folder 2

McIntosh Data - Coweta - Chattahoochee Valley - Revolutionary Association Box W0059.02 Folder 3

Alabama Indian History (manuscript with Brannon papers, but not in his handwriting) Box W0059.02 Folder 4

Partial Ledger - Peter Greene (Peter Brannon's grandfather) Record of His Indian Relic Collection Box W0059.02 Folder 5

"Arrow Points" Alabama Anthropologist Society newsletter (v.13, no.1, Sep 10, 1928; v.13, no.3, Nov 10, 1928; and v.14, no.1, Mar 10, 1929) Box W0059.02 Folder 6

Indians of the Southeast, miscellaneous material Box W0059.03 Folder 1

Correspondence (not in folder), 1916-1924 Box W0059.03 Folder 2

Moorehead, Warren K. Box W0059.03 Folder 3

Brannon, Peter - a guide to the archaeology of the middle river country of Alabama Box W0059.03 Folder 4

Subsistence and food found and eaten by the De Soto Expedition, notes compiled by Peter Brannon Box W0059.03 Folder 5

Moore, Clarence B. Box W0059.03 Folder 6

Brannon, Peter - miscellaneous archival material on Indians and Indian relics Box W0059.03 Folder 7

Alabama Anthropological Society Box W0059.03 Folder 8

Andrews, D. M. "Domestic Implements of the Southern Indians," 1910 manuscript Box W0059.03 Folder 9

Hodge, F. W. Box W0059.03 Folder 10

Holmes, R. P., MD, "Incised Pottery Designs of the Burial-Urn Indians of Central Alabama" (from Brannon collection) Box W0059.03 Folder 11

Scrapbook of newspaper clippings, 1909-1910 Box W0059.03 Folder 12