acumen 3.0ɑ
A. S. Williams III Americana Manuscript Collections

Guide to the Alabama Coal and Iron records W.0062

ASSET VIEWER
Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

November 2013

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2013-11-15T16:14-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

Alabama Coal and Iron records

Unit ID:

W.0062

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.3 Linear feet

Dates:

1874-1943

Location:

The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library, The University of Alabama

Abstract:

Correspondence, annual reports and audits, maps, and other material related to coal and iron production in Alabama.

creator

Williams, A. S., III

Access Restrictions:

None

Biographical/Historical note

A brief historical note is provided for five of the companies featured in this collection: the Eureka Company, the Empire Coal Company, the Pratt Consolidated Coal Company, the DeBardeleben Coal Corporation, and the Cullman Coal and Coke Company, all in Birmingham, Bessemer, Cullman County, Jefferson County, or Walker County, Alabama.

Industrialists Daniel Pratt and Henry Fairchild DeBardeleben acquired control of the Red Mountain Iron and Coal Company in 1872 and renamed it the Eureka Mining Company. Henry D. Clayton became president of the reorganized company, and DeBardeleben was named general manager. In 1873, the company's two Oxmoor furnaces were fired. However, unable to make the new company profitable, the inexperienced DeBardeleben resigned his post in 1873. In fall 1873, the company was reorganized as the Eureka Mining and Transportation Company of Alabama, managed by Levin S. Goodrich, who successfully increased iron production although the company remained unprofitable. The Oxmoor furnaces were converted from coal to coke furnaces and began producing coke pig iron in 1876. The company changed hands again in 1876, as investors from Louisville and Cincinnati purchased the Oxmoor furnaces and created the Eureka Company.

In 1904, Frank Nelson Jr. founded the Empire Coal Company to mine 14,000 acres of land in Walker County. Nelson purchased land formerly managed by Henry W. Milner as the Empire Coal and Coke Company. At the height of production, the company produced 200,000 tons of coal a year.

The Pratt Consolidated Coal Company was created in 1904 by combining the Pratt Coal Company, Nunley Ridge Coal Company, Ivy Coal and Iron Company, Gamble Mines Company, Townley Mining Company, and Tracy City mines. The company's holdings consisted of fifty-four mines and 85,000 acres of land in Alabama and Tennessee. T.T. Hillman served as the company's first president, and Erskine Ramsay served as the company's first vice president.

Henry F. DeBardeleben founded DeBardeleben Coal and Iron Company in 1886. The company merged with Tennessee Coal, Iron, and Railroad Company in March 1892. DeBardeleben remained on the company's board of directors until he resigned in October 1894.

The Cullman Coal and Coke Company was founded in May 1909. The company owned 12,600 acres of land in Cullman County, Alabama. As of 1915, the company was owned by Parker Bank and Trust Company.

Sources: Poor's Manual of Industrialists: Volume 7. New York: Poor's Manual Company, 1916. Armes, Ethel. The Story of Coal and Iron in Alabama. Birmingham: Birmingham Chamber of Commerce, 1910

Acquisition Information:

Gift of A. S. Williams III, 2010

Preferred Citation:

Alabama Coal and Iron records, The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Related Archival Materials note

The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection also holds additional materials related to Alabama coal and iron companies: Woodward Iron Company records; Henry DeBardeleben business papers; and various publications.

The W. S. Hoole Special Collections Library also holds materials related to Alabama coal and iron companies: Woodward Family Papers; Bessemer Coal, Iron, and Land Company records; Shelby Iron Company records; and various other archival collections and publications.

Please contact Special Collections staff for more information.

General note

Title on phase box spine: Annals of Alabama Coal & Iron

Processing Information:

Processed by

Haley Aaron and Martha Bace, 2013

Scope and Contents note

This collection includes correspondence, annual reports, and other materials related to coal and iron production in Alabama. Materials are dated from 1874-1943 and address business at nine coal and iron companies: the Eureka Company, the Empire Coal Company, the Pratt Consolidated Coal Company, the Corona Coal Company, the DeBardeleben Coal Corporation, the Cahaba Coal and Coke Company, Black Creek Coal and Coke, the American Fuel Company, and the Cullman Coal and Coke Company. In addition, the collection also includes records related to individuals, Thomas Greene Bush, John T. Milner and T.J. Scott.

Source(s)

American Fuel Company. (local)

Black Creek Coal and Coke. (local)

Bush, Thomas Greene (local)

Cahaba Coal and Coke Company. (local)

Corona Coal Company. (local)

Cullman Coal and Coke Company. (local)

DeBardeleben Coal Corporation. (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Empire Coal Company. (Library_of_Congress_Name_Authority_File)

Eureka Coal Company. (local)

Globe Coal Company. (local)

Milner, John T. (local)

Pratt Consolidated Coal Company. (local)

Pratt Fuel Corporation. (local)

Scott, T. J. (local)

Williams, A. S., III (local)

Bibb County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Calhoun County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Coal mines and mining (lcsh)

Cullman County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Iron industry and trade--Alabama (lcsh)

Iron industry and trade--Alabama--Jefferson County (lcsh)

Jefferson County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Walker County (Ala.) (lcsh)

Eureka Company, Oxmoor, 1874 Box W0062.01 Folder 1

Calhoun County report by J.R. Jones, 1880 Box W0062.01 Folder 2

Report on examination of accounts of estate of T. G. Bush, Birmingham, Alabama, December 31, 1933 Box W0062.01 Folder 3

Empire Coal Company report on examination of accounts, 1922 Box W0062.01 Folder 4

Pratt Consolidated Coal Company Preliminary Report, 1922 Box W0062.01 Folder 5

Corona Coal Company report upon examination of accounts, 1922 Box W0062.01 Folder 6

DeBardeleben Coal Corporation report, 1922 Box W0062.01 Folder 7

DeBardeleben Coal Corporation report, 1926 Box W0062.01 Folder 8

DeBardeleben Coal Corporation report, 1943 Box W0062.01 Folder 9

American Fuel Company report, 1923-1924 Box W0062.01 Folder 10

John T. Milner papers Box W0062.01 Folder 11

Cahaba Coal and Coke Company charter, 1882 Box W0062.01 Folder 12

T.J. Scott correspondence, 1899, 1902 Box W0062.01 Folder 13

Cullman Coal and Coke Company report Box W0062.01 Folder 14

Empire Coal Company report, 1915 Box W0062.01 Folder 15

Preliminary report showing consolidation of earnings, Pratt Consolidated Coal Company - Birmingham, Alabama; Globe Coal Company - Birmingham, Alabama; and Pratt Fuel Corporation - Birmingham, Alabama Box W0062.01 Folder 16