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A. S. Williams III Americana Manuscript Collections

Guide to the "Valor on the Eastern Shore": typescript W.0132

ASSET VIEWER
Publication:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Box 870266
Tuscaloosa, Alabama, 35487-0266
205.348.0500
archives@ua.edu

January 2014

Creation:

This finding aid was produced using the Archivists' Toolkit 2014-01-31T17:07-0600

Language Usage:

English

Description Rules:

Describing Archives: A Content Standard

Collection Title:

"Valor on the Eastern Shore": typescript

Unit ID:

W.0132

Repository:

University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Quantity:

0.05 Linear feet

Dates:

1965

Location:

The A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, Amelia Gayle Gorgas Library, The University of Alabama

Abstract:

Typescript copy of B. L. Roberson's unpublished "Valor on the Eastern Shore."

creator

Roberson, B. L.

creator

Williams, A. S., III

Acquisition Information:

Gift of A. S. Williams III, 2010

Preferred Citation:

"Valor on the Eastern Shore": typescript, A. S. Williams III Americana Collection, University Libraries Division of Special Collections, The University of Alabama

Processing Information:

Processed by

Haley Aaron, 2013

General note

Title on box: A. S. Williams III Americana Collection - Small Collections

Access Restrictions:

None

Related Archival Materials note

The Mobile Public Library also holds a copy of "Valor on the Eastern Shore." See "Valor on the Eastern Shore," Local History Section, Mobile Public Library, Mobile, Alabama.

Biographical/Historical note

The Battle of Fort Blakeley was the last major battle of the Civil War, resulting in the Union capture of the city of Mobile, Alabama. The battle, fought on April 9, 1865, was fought six hours after Confederate general Robert E. Lee surrendered his forces at Appomattox.

Mobile Bay, a major Confederate port, had been under Union blockade since the beginning of the war. While Union blockaders sought to halt the export of cotton and the import of military supplies into Confederate states, the Mobile blockade was largely ineffective for the first two years of the war. Protected by Fort Gaines and Fort Morgan, Mobile Bay was a central site for Confederate blockade runners. In August 1864, Admiral David Farragut captured Mobile Bay after a heated naval battle. The Union victory effectively halted Confederate blockade runs from the bay.

Although Mobile Bay was captured in August 1864, the city itself remained under Confederate control until April 1865. In April 1865, two columns of Union troops attacked major Confederate defensive posts at Spanish Fort and Fort Blakeley. The first column of Union forces, led by General Edward Canby, arrived near Spanish Fort on March 27, and staged a thirteen-day siege on the fort, ending with the capture of Spanish Fort on April 8, 1865. The second Union column, led by General Fredrick Steele, attacked Fort Blakeley on April 9, 1865. The fort's 4,000 Confederate defenders were overwhelmed by a Union contingent of 16,000 soldiers and surrendered the fort at approximately 5:30 on the evening of April 9. Shortly after the defeat, the remaining Confederate troops in Mobile withdrew.

Sources: Nicolson, Norman A. "The Mobile Campaign: Battle of Fort Blakely and Spanish Fort," www.blakeleypark.com/battlehistory.html.

Young, Matthew. "Blockade Running the the Civil War." Encyclopedia of Alabama

Scope and Contents note

The collection contains a typescript manuscript of B. L. Roberson's "Valor on the Eastern Shore: The Mobile Campaign of 1865," written in 1965 to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the Civil War. It examines the land campaign that lead to the capture of the city of Mobile, Alabama. The forty-four page manuscript documents the marches led by Union generals Edward Canby and Frederick Steele, which culminated in the Battle of Fort Blakeley (April 2-April 9, 1865) and culminated in the surrender of Mobile on April 12, 1865. The typescript contains minor handwritten edits made in pen. The manuscript was never published.

Source(s)

Williams, A. S., III (local)

Alabama--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 (lcsh)

Blakeley (Ala.) (Local)

Campaigns & battles (lcsh)

Manuscripts for publication (aat)

Mobile (Ala.)--History--Civil War, 1861-1865 (lcsh)

Typescript Box WSC001 Folder W0132.01